Nine American CBD cultivars from four breeders have gained listings among approved hemp varieties in Canada, giving Canadian farmers more options for flower production.
Canadian growers planted CBD hemp on 20,000 acres in 2020, up from 16,000 acres in 2019, according to the Canadian Hemp Trade Association. Canada has been primarily a hemp grain producer, while fiber production is small but notable. Canadian hemp farmers started growing for CBD only two years ago.
Before the introduction of the new varieties this year, Canadian farmers were limited to only two cultivars for CBD flower production: Carmagnola, an Italian strain that is overcoming certification troubles that surfaced last year; and Kompolti, a Hungarian hemp breed. But European hemp varieties, bred primarily for fiber and seed, yield low amounts of CBD compared to new varieties that have been developed in the USA.
American companies gaining listings, and their CBD cultivars are: Charlotte’s Web – CW Ambassador; CW Duchess; and CW1AS1; Davis Farms of Oregon – Eighty Eight; and Painted Lady. Three cultivars from Arcadia Biosciences – Rogue, Santiam and Umpqua – are listed as “under observation” this year, as is NWG 2730 from New West Genetics.
Also newly listed is a no-THC CBG variety from Spain, HURV19PAN (trade name “Panakeia”), and: Pembina, T3H2006 and Bountiful, all of Canada (unidentified as to output); and Henola (grain) and Bialobrzeskie (fiber), both from Poland.
Canadian hemp rules require all seed planted for hemp production in the country to be certified under standards of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, or by the Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies.